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These races also tend to showcase large purses, and on their own can register as big wins or placements for horses who take first, second, or third.
Some intermediate grades stakes races like the Arkansas Derby, Santa Anita Derby, and Travers Stakes are well known for their overall quality, difficulty, and competition.
Any horse who takes these events among others is immediately respected for obtaining a big win. For the most part, when betting on big horse racing events in the United States, bettors will be dealing with flat racing, Thoroughbreds, and various levels of stakes racing.
These are the races that are highly publicized, get the most national attention, and also garner the most information to accurately bet on.
All other events are much more specific to their style, country, or sect, and require studious research and betting.
Types of Horse Racing. Epsom Derby. Epsom Oaks. Leger Stakes. Cindy Pierson Dulay. Cindy Pierson Dulay is a horse-racing expert, journalist and award-winning photographer.
By using LiveAbout, you accept our. The origins of modern horse racing lie in the 12th century, when English knights returned from the Crusades with swift Arab horses.
Over the next years, an increasing number of Arab stallions were imported and bred to English mares to produce racing horses that combined speed and endurance.
Matching the fastest of these animals in two-horse races for a private wager became a popular diversion of the nobility. Horse racing began to become a professional sport during the reign of Queen Anne, when match racing gave way to horse races involving several horses on which the spectators wagered.
Horse racing racecourses sprang up all over England, offering increasingly large purses to attract the best race horses. These purses in turn made horse breeding and owning horses for racing profitable.
With the rapid expansion of the sport came the need for a central governing authority. In , racing's elite met at Newmarket to form the Jockey Club, which to this day exercises complete control over English racing.
The Jockey Club wrote complete rules of racing and sanctioned racecourses to conduct meetings under those rules. Standards defining the quality of horse racing soon led to the designation of certain races as the ultimate tests of excellence.
Since , five horse races for three-year-old horses have been designated as "classics. Many race tracks host specific races for horses based on their gender and age.
For example, there might be a race conducted which only two-year-old fillies can enter. The idea is to promote fairness in racing and also to ensure excellent opportunities for bettors with fewer mismatches.
Along those lines, track officials also try to classify horses with the races that they include on their programs.
The three main types of races are claimers, allowances, and stakes races. Claimers are races in which every horse is essentially up for sale.
In allowance races, the field is usually limited to horses who have won a certain amount of money or number of races over a specified period of time.
Finally, stakes races are those which require owners to pay a portion of the purse beforehand for their horses to participate, knowing that the rewards for winning are greater than any other race.
Another way that race officials try to keep fields even is with handicap racing. This usually means that the horses considered the best in the field are asked to carry more weight than the lesser horses.
This ideally gives every horse in the field a legitimate chance to win, encouraging bettors. Although it might not garner the prestige of Thoroughbred racing, harness racing can boast of impressive history, spectator interest, and betting money of its own.
The sport is mainly distinguished by the fact that horses pull drivers, not jockeys, behind them on a bike-like cart called a sulky.
In addition, the breed of horses that competes in harness racing is the Standardbred. The ancestry of harness racing can be traced back to Roman chariot racing.
The sport as we know it today began to percolate in various parts of the world in the 18 th and 19 th century.
Sometimes known as trotting because of one of the distinct gaits used by the horses in the sport, harness racing has grown into a worldwide phenomenon.
The highest rating a horse can have in a Flat handicap is ; beyond that, they would have to compete in Group and Listed races. Some of the handicaps are highly valuable and historic races such as the Wokingham, Cesarewitch and Ebor regularly attract fields of 20 runners or more, if safety limits allow.
These top-level handicaps are rated as Class 2 handicaps; the lower the ratings band of horses who can compete, the lower the grade of handicap, the lowest being Class 7.
Jumps horses compete from the age of three, with many starting later than that. Jump racing also known as National Hunt racing can be easily separated into five divisions:.
National Hunt Flat races — commonly known as bumpers, these are for horses bred for jump racing. No obstacles are jumped and the races are seen as a building block to a future career over hurdles or fences.
Jump racing also known as National Hunt the official name racing tests the jumping ability of each horse and their stamina. These types of races are primarily cherished in Ireland, the UK and France, and you may be familiar with the Cheltenham Gold Cup as a highly regarded competition for horses.
In comparison to flat horses that are younger and slimmer in shape, horses that compete in jump racing are 3-years-old and above.
Therefore most horses taking part in jump races tend to be more developed in size. Jump racing is separated into 5 divisions;.
Specifically for horses bred for jump racing. For this type of race, there are no obstacles for the horses to jump. The national hunt is viewed as the pillar to begin a horses career, with an eventual lead up to clearing fences and hurdles.
For this type of contest, horses that compete in novice hurdling have not previously won a competition before they enter.
Likened to novice hurdling horses for this type of contest have not previously won a hurdle race. Referred to as racing hurdles, the horses are required to run over the fences as opposed to jumping.
For the national hunt races, jump races use a grading system equal to the flat races. However, in flat racing, they are called group races as mentioned earlier on in this post.
Jump races are instead defined by horse racing grades. Horse racing is a significant part of the New Zealand economy which in generated 1.
More than 40, people were involved in some capacity in the New Zealand racing industry in In , more than one million people attended race meetings in New Zealand.
Racecourses are situated in 59 locations throughout New Zealand. During the —09 racing season 19 New Zealand bred horses won 22 Group One races around the world.
Notable thoroughbred racehorses from New Zealand include Carbine , Nightmarch , Sunline , Desert Gold and Rising Fast.
The most famous New Zealand standardbred horse is probably Cardigan Bay. On 25 June , the Champ de Mars Racecourse was inaugurated by The Mauritius Turf Club which was founded earlier in the same year by Colonel Edward A.
The Champ de Mars is situated on a prestigious avenue in Port Louis , the capital city and is the oldest racecourse in the southern hemisphere.
The Mauritius Turf Club is the second oldest active turf club in the world. Undeniably, racing is one of the most popular sports in Mauritius now attracting regular crowds of 20, people or more to the only racecourse of the island.
A high level of professionalism has been attained in the organization of races over the last decades preserving the unique electrifying ambiance prevailing on race days at the Champ de Mars.
Members of the British Royal Family , such as Queen Elizabeth II , Princess Margaret or the Queen Mother have attended or patronised races at the Champ de Mars numerous times.
Most of the horses are imported from South Africa but some are also acquired from Australia, the United Kingdom and France.
Horse racing is a popular sport in South Africa that can be traced back to The first recorded race club meeting took place five years later in The premier event, which attracts 50, people to Durban, is the Durban July Handicap , which has been run since at Greyville Racecourse.
It is the largest and most prestigious event on the continent, with betting running into the hundreds of millions of Rands. Several July winners have gone on to win major international races, such as Colorado King, London News, and Ipi Tombe.
Horse racing in one form or another has been a part of Chinese culture for millennia. Horse racing was a popular pastime for the aristocracy at least by the Zhou Dynasty — 4th century B.
General Tian Ji 's strategem for a horse race remains perhaps the best-known story about horse racing in that period. In the 18th and 19th centuries, horse racing and equestrian sports in China was dominated by Mongol influences.
Thoroughbred horse racing came to China with British settlements in the middle s and most notably centered around the treaty ports, including the two major race courses in Shanghai , the Shanghai Racecourse and the International Recreation Grounds in Kiang-wan , and the racecourses of Tianjin.
The Kiang-wan racecourse was destroyed in the lead-up to the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Shanghai Race Club closed in The former Shanghai Racecourse is now People's Square and People's Park and the former club building was the Shanghai Art Museum.
As Hong Kong and Macau are Special Administrative Region , they're allowed to exemption from ban of gambling on mainland China.
See below. Horse racing was banned in the Republic of China from , and the People's Republic of China maintained the ban after , although allowances were made for ethnic minority peoples for whom horse sports are a cultural tradition.
The longer race led to deaths and injuries to participating horses in both and the 11th National Games in Also, with the entry into the sport of Han majority provinces such as Hubei , which are better funded and used Western, rather than traditional, breeding and training techniques, meant that the original purpose of the event to foster traditional horse racing for groups like the Mongols was at risk of being usurped.
At the National Games, Hubei won both the gold and silver medals, with Inner Mongolia winning bronze. As a result of these factors, the event was abolished for the 12th National Games in Club horse racing reappeared on a small scale in the s.
In , the China Speed Horse Race Open in Wuhan was organized as the qualification round for the speed horse race event at the National Games the next year, but was also seen by commentators as a step towards legalizing both horse racing and gambling on the races.
Almost all Chinese trainers and jockeys stabled in Wuhan. However, with the demise of the event at the National Games and the government not relenting from the ban on commercial racing, various racecourses built in recent years are all in a state of disuse: The Nanjing Racecourse, which previously hosted National Games equestrian events, is now used as a car park;  the Beijing Jockey Club was shut down in The racecourse in Inner Mongolia has not been active after Horse racing eventually returned to mainland China on the year as the one-day, five-card event for foreign horses, trainers and jockeys.
The British tradition of horse racing left its mark with the creation of one of the most important entertainment and gambling institutions in Hong Kong.
Established as the Royal Hong Kong Jockey Club in , the non-profit organization conducts nearly races every season at the two race tracks: in Happy Valley and Sha Tin.
All horses are imported since there is no breeding operation. Off-track betting is available from overseas bookmakers. In the s, the Hong Kong Jockey Club had race meetings for visitors already.
Visitors were divided into public and member. The charges for these two types of visitors are different. Nowadays, the Hong Kong Jockey Club is a cornerstone of modern Hong Kong.
It donates all its profits to the Hong Kong government, charities and public institutions. In economic terms, the Hong Kong Jockey Club is an old-fashioned government-protected monopoly; all other forms of gambling are illegal in this industry.
Sweepstakes were introduced in Hong Kong during the s. There are three types of sweepstakes which are the Special Cash Sweeps, the Last Race Sweep and the Ordinary Cash Sweeps.
Special Cash Sweeps were at first drawn twice a year, and increased to three times a year later given its popularity.
It carried the highest prize money amongst three types of sweepstakes. The Last Race Sweep commanded higher prize money then Ordinary Cash Sweeps, which were drawn for almost every race and therefore carried the lowest prize money.
Sweepstakes could be purchased either at sweepstakes stations or from sweepstakes vendor throughout Hong Kong. With different number print on each sweepstake, one sweepstake is drawn and assigned, for each horse participating in the race, and the sweepstake attached to the winning horse would win the first prize.
Likewise, the number of the first runner-up and second runner-up would win the second and third prize, respectively, with the rest winning consolation prizes.
With introduction of new bet types in horse racing and the launch of Mark Six lottery in the s, the club finally stop selling sweepstakes in Jockey Club of Macau was established for harness racing.
It started to conduct horse races in India's first racecourse was set up in Madras in Today India has nine racetracks operated by seven racing authorities.They Poker Playlist the most prestige and have the biggest purses, although the purses can vary a great deal between smaller tracks and major ones. A one mile six furlongs race for 3-y-o colts and fillies. The most popular type of horse racing by far is Wetter Bielefels racing. It can be bought or "claimed" Wm Gruppem of the race for this price. In recent years the Breeders' Cup races, run at the end Brasilien Volleyball Damen the year, have challenged the Triple Crown events as determiners of the three-year-old champion. If you're new to horse racing, you may only be familiar with big races like Best Wolf Games Kentucky Derby and the Breeders' Cup. Novice chasing — Similar to the Vietnam Idr hurdle division, the novice chasing division is for horses who begin the season without Pokerreihenfolge win specifically over fences. Pacing horses are faster and most important to the bettor less likely to break stride a horse which starts to gallop must be slowed down and taken to the outside until it resumes trotting or pacing. The horses in these races Arkadium carry a certain amount of weight or be allowed to carry less weight due to certain factors, thus the name "allowance. Quarter horse races refer to a quarter of a mile or less, which challenges faster breeds of horses to compete and win on very short tracks. Many of them are restricted to certain age groups from two-year-olds to four-year-olds Inetbet Nd Codes older or to a specific gender eg fillies only and they are spread throughout the racing year to form a programme of races over different distances Golden Nugget Biloxi at a range of racecourses. Beach racing Motocross Rally raid Track racing. The BHA's authority does not extend to Northern Ireland; racing in Elektrum Wallet is governed on an All-Ireland basis. Main articles: National Hunt racingSteeplechase horse racingand Hurdling horse race. The former Shanghai Racecourse is now People's Square and People's Park and the Types Of Horse Races club building was the Shanghai Art Museum.